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Living Well in Yalobusha County

Can Lack of Gluten Raise Your Diabetes Risk?


Got gluten? You should. A new study suggests that going “gluten-free” may actually raise your risk for type 2 diabetes. The diet, meant for a small population of individuals who have Celiac disease or a gluten intolerance, became popular despite lack of evidence that it was healthful for most people. 


Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye and barley that gives baked goods their texture. A small percentage of people with celiac disease may also need to avoid oats due to a protein sensitivity.


According to Dr. Geng Zong from the Harvard University Department of Nutrition T.H. Chan School of Public Health, gluten-free foods are often less nutritious because they lack dietary fiber as well as vitamins and minerals. 


They also tend to be more expensive. His study looked at the health effects of a gluten-free diet on subjects that did not medically need to follow one. In a long-term longitudinal study, scientists observed that most subjects consumed 12 grams of gluten or less per day. In those that consumed higher amounts of gluten, the risk of type 2 diabetes over a 30-year span was lower. Cereal fiber intake was lower in subjects on a gluten-free diet, which is important to note as it is a protective component for the development of type 2 diabetes. 


After accounting for the effect of cereal fiber, those in the highest 20 percent of gluten ingestion experienced a 13 percent  lower risk of diabetes development than those with the lowest intake of gluten (< 4 grams).


In three other large, long-term Nurse’s Health studies (NHS and NHS II) and the Health Professionals Follow-Up study, gluten intake was gathered using food frequency questionnaires. The average gluten intake was between 5.8 to 7.1 grams per day, which came from primarily pretzels, bread, pizza, muffins, cereal, and pasta. Data was observational as subjects self-reported their gluten intake.  In over 4.24 million person years of follow up over 1984-1990 and 2010-2013, 15,947 cases of type 2 diabetes were identified. Gluten-free diets were not popular at the time, so information on gluten abstainers was not available.


The bottom line is that if you don’t need a gluten-free diet, don’t follow it.  Include gluten-containing, high-fiber whole grains in your diet daily. 

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans advise 20-25 grams of dietary fiber per day for women and 35-38 grams per day for men. Below is a list of whole grains and their fiber content:

•Barley (1/2 cup cooked): 3.1 grams

•Bran cereal (3/4 cup): 5.9 grams

•Brown rice (1/2 cup cooked): 2 grams

•Oatmeal (1/2 cup cooked): 4.1 grams

•Rye bread (1 slice): 1.5 grams

•Quinoa (1/2 cup cooked): 2.75 grams

•Whole wheat bread (1 slice): 3 grams

•Whole grain pasta (1/2 cup cooked): 5-6 grams

Article Source:  Commun-icating Food for Health Newsletter, July 2017


MSU Extension Service

SAVE THE DATE


Healthy You exercise classes are free and meet every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday from 9 until 9:45 a.m.  Make sure that you wear cool, comfortable clothes, good walking shoes and bring some water to drink.  


The 4-H North Mississippi Cookout Contest will be held at the Multi-Purpose Building on Tuesday, June 27. We are excited to be on the rotation to have this contest here every two years. Yalobusha County will have three youth competing in the contest.


4-H Master Chef School is quickly approaching! The dates have been changed due to a scheduling conflict. If your child is registered, you should have received a call and letter letting you know about the dates changes.  It will be held Monday, June 26-Wednesday, June 28 at the Extension Office.  I have been busy selecting and trying out all the new recipes and planning a fun, educational and delicious program.  


There will be a Tomato Canning Workshop on Thursday, July 13th from 5 to 8 p.m.  Participants will learn to process tomatoes using the boiling water method. Participants will be able to take home finished product. The cost of the workshop is  $5  and should be paid to be considered registered for the class. Space is limited.

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